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British and UK Studies

Scholarly resources in British and UK Studies, including the nations making up the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales). The resources organized here are all freely available and have undergone a selection and evaluation process

Literature Encyclopedias & Reference

Online Bibliographies & Finding Aids

Directories

Scholarly Organizations & Literary Associations

Digital Literary Journals

Digital Collections and Texts

Linguistics Resources: General

English Language

Cornish Language

The Celtic language formerly spoken in Cornwall, in southwestern England, Cornish is extinct as a first language but is being revived to some extent as a second language.

Manx Language

The Celtic language of the Isle of Man, Manx is spoken today as a minority second language.

Scottish Gaelic Language

Scottish Gaelic, or Gàidhlig, is a Celtic language, closely related to Irish Gaelic, that continues to be spoken in Scotland, primarily in the western Highlands and the Hebrides.

Scots Language

Scots, also known as Lallans or Doric, is a Germanic language closely related to English and considered by some scholars to be essentially a Scottish dialect of English. It is primarily spoken in the Scottish Lowlands, Caithness (northeastern Scotland), Orkney, and Shetland.

Ulster Scots, in Northern Ireland, is a closely related variant.

Welsh Language

Welsh, or Cymraeg, a Celtic language related to Breton, is designated as an official language in Wales. All official publications and signage in Wales are bilingual in Welsh and English. Although spoken only by a minority of the population, it continues to be the preferred language of many in northern and western Wales.

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